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Plots from Rivet analyses

Jet rates and event shapes at LEP I and II (ALEPH_2004_S5765862)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C35:457-486,2004 | doi:10.1140/epjc/s2004-01891-4 | http://cdsweb.cern.ch/record/690637/files/ep-2003-084.pdf

Jet rates, event-shape variables and inclusive charged particle spectra are measured in $e^+ e^-$ collisions at CMS energies between 91 and 209 GeV. The previously published data at 91.2 GeV and 133 GeV have been re-processed and the higher energy data are presented here for the first time. Note that the data have been corrected to include neutrinos.

$\eta$ and $\omega$ Production in Hadronic $Z^0$ Decays (ALEPH_2002_S4823664)

Spires | Phys.Lett. B528 (2002) 19-33 | hep-ex/0201012

The production of $\eta$ and $\omega$ mesons measured using 4 millon $Z^0$ events by the ALEPH experiment at LEP. Only the fragmentation functions are implemented.

Study of the fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons at the Z peak (ALEPH_2001_S4656318)

Spires | Phys.Lett.B512:30-48,2001. | hep-ex/0106051

Measurement of the $b$-quark fragmentation function by ALEPH using LEP 1 data. The fragmentation function for both weakly decaying and leading $b$-quarks has been determined. The data used for the plots has been renormalised to give a differential distribution rather than the bin-by-bin average in HEPDATA.

Scaled energy distribution of $D^*$ at LEP (ALEPH_1999_S4193598)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C16:597-611,2000 | hep-ex/9909032 | CERN-EP-99-094

Study of charm production in $Z$ decays. Here, only the scaled energy distribution of $D^{*\pm}$ is implemented. Should be very important for fragmentation tuning.

Studies of QCD with the ALEPH detector. (ALEPH_1996_S3486095)

Spires | Phys. Rept., 294, 1--165 (1998)

Summary paper of QCD results as measured by ALEPH at LEP 1. The publication includes various event shape variables, multiplicities (identified particles and inclusive), and particle spectra.

Measurement of the quark to photon fragmentation function (ALEPH_1996_S3196992)

Spires | Z.Phys.C69:365-378,1996 | doi:10.1007/s002880050037

Earlier measurements at LEP of isolated hard photons in hadronic Z decays, attributed to radiation from primary quark pairs, have been extended in the ALEPH experiment to include hard photon production inside hadron jets. Events are selected where all particles combine democratically to form hadron jets, one of which contains a photon with a fractional energy $z > 0.7$. After statistical subtraction of non-prompt photons, the quark-to-photon fragmentation function, $D(z)$, is extracted directly from the measured 2-jet rate.

Hadronic Z decay charged multiplicity measurement (ALEPH_1991_S2435284)

Spires | Phys. Lett. B, 273, 181 (1991)

The charged particle multiplicity distribution of hadronic Z decays, as measured on the peak of the Z resonance using the ALEPH detector at LEP. The unfolding procedure was model independent, and the distribution was found to have a mean of $20.85 \pm 0.24$, Comparison with lower energy data supports the KNO scaling hypothesis. The shape of the multiplicity distribution is well described by a log-normal distribution, as predicted from a cascading model for multi-particle production.

Study of the b-quark fragmentation function at LEP 1 (DELPHI_2002_069_CONF_603)

DELPHI note 2002-069-CONF-603 (ICHEP 2002)

Measurement of the $b$-quark fragmentation function by DELPHI using 1994 LEP 1 data. The fragmentation function for both weakly decaying and primary $b$-quarks has been determined in a model independent way. Nevertheless the authors trust $f(x_B^\text{weak})$ more than $f(x_B^\text{prim})$.

Hadronization properties of $b$ quarks compared to light quarks in $e^+ e^-\to q \bar{q}$ from 183\;GeV to 200\;GeV (DELPHI_2000_S4328825)

Spires | Phys.Lett.B479:118-128,2000 | hep-ex/0103022 | DELPHI 2002-052 CONF 586

Measurements of the mean charged multiplicities separately for $b\bar b$, $c\bar{c}$ and light quark ($uds$) initiated events in $e^+e^-$ interactions at energies above the $Z^0$ mass. In addition to the energy points in the original paper one additional point at 206;GeV is included from a later preliminary result.

Measurement of inclusive $\rho^0$, $f_0(980)$, $f_2(1270)$, $K^{*0}_2(1430)$ and $f'_2(1525)$ production in $Z^0$ decays (DELPHI_1999_S3960137)

Spires | Phys.Lett.B449:364-382,1999

DELPHI results for the production of $\rho^0$, $f_0(980)$, $f_2(1270)$, $K^{*0}_2(1430)$ and $f'_2(1525)$ in $Z^0$ decays. Only the identified particle spectra for $\rho^0$, $f_0(980)$ and $f_2(1270)$ are implemented.

Delphi MC tuning on event shapes and identified particles. (DELPHI_1996_S3430090)

Spires | Z.Phys.C73:11-60,1996 | doi:10.1007/s002880050295

Event shape and charged particle inclusive distributions measured using 750000 decays of Z bosons to hadrons from the DELPHI detector at LEP. This data, combined with identified particle distributions from all LEP experiments, was used for tuning of shower-hadronisation event generators by the original PROFESSOR method. This is a critical analysis for MC event generator tuning of final state radiation and both flavour and kinematic aspects of hadronisation models.

Strange baryon production in $Z$ hadronic decays at Delphi (DELPHI_1995_S3137023)

Spires | Z. Phys. C, 67, 543--554 (1995)

Measurement of the $\Xi^-$ and $\Sigma^+(1385)/\Sigma^-(1385)$ scaled momentum distributions by DELPHI at LEP 1. The paper also has the production cross-sections of these particles, but that's not implemented in Rivet.

Event shapes for 22, 35 and 44 GeV (JADE_1998_S3612880)

Spires | arXiv:hep-ex/9708034 | Eur.Phys.J.C1:461-478,1998

Thrust, Jet Mass and Broadenings, Y23 for 35 and 44 GeV and only Y23 at 22 GeV.

Event shape distributions and moments in $e^+ e^-$ -> hadrons at 91--209 GeV (OPAL_2004_S6132243)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C40:287-316,2005 | arXiv:hep-ex/0503051

Measurement of $e^+ e^-$ event shape variable distributions and their 1st to 5th moments in LEP running from the Z pole to the highest LEP 2 energy of 209 GeV.

Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events above the $Z^0$ peak (OPAL_2002_S5361494)

Spires | Phys.Lett. B550 (2002) 33-46 | hep-ex/0211007

Measurements of the mean charged multiplicities separately for $b\bar b$, $c\bar c$ and light quark ($uds$) initiated events in $e^+e^-$ interactions at energies above the $Z^0$ mass. The data is from the LEP running periods between 1995 and 2000.

Four-jet angles using Durham algorithm (OPAL_2001_S4553896)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C20:601-615,2001 | doi:10.1007/s100520100699 | arXiv:hep-ex/0101044

Angles between the leading (in energy) four jets defined using the Durham algorithm with $y_\mathrm{cut}=0.008$. The data is presented at the parton level and includes the Bengtsson-Zerwas, Korner-Schierholz-Willrodt and Nachtmann-Reiter angles as well as the angle between the two softest jets.

Multiplicities of $\pi^0$, $\eta$, $K^0$ and of charged particles in quark and gluon jets (OPAL_2000_S4418603)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C17:373-387,2000 | hep-ex/0007017

Multiplicities of $\pi^0$, $\eta$, $K^0$ and of charged particles in quark and gluon jets in 3-jet events, as measured by the OPAL experiment at LEP. The main implemented measurement is the $K^0$ fragmentation function.

Measurements of flavor dependent fragmentation functions in $Z^0 -> q \bar{q}$ events (OPAL_1998_S3780481)

Spires | Eur. Phys. J, C7, 369--381 (1999) | hep-ex/9807004

Measurement of scaled momentum distributions and total charged multiplicities in flavour tagged events at LEP 1. OPAL measured these observables in uds-, c-, and b-events separately. An inclusive measurement is also included.

Photon and Light Meson Production in Hadronic $Z^0$ Decays (OPAL_1998_S3749908)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C5:411-437,1998 | hep-ex/9805011

The inclusive production rates and differential cross sections of photons and mesons with a final state containing photons have been measured with the OPAL detector at LEP. The light mesons covered by the measurements are the $\pi^0$, $\eta$, $\rho(770)^\pm$, $\omega(782)$, $\eta'(958)$ and $a_0(980)^\pm$.

Production of $f_0(980)$, $f_2(1270)$ and $\phi(1020)$ in hadronic $Z^0$ decay (OPAL_1998_S3702294)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C4:19-28,1998 | hep-ex/9802013

Inclusive production of the $f_0(980)$, $f_2(1270)$ and $\phi(1020)$ resonances studied in a sample of 4.3 million hadronic $Z^0$ decays from the OPAL experiment at LEP. Fragmentation functions are reported for the three states.

$K^{*0}$ meson production measured by OPAL at LEP 1. (OPAL_1997_S3608263)

Spires | Phys.Lett.B412:210-224,1997 | hep-ex/9708022

The $K^{*0}$ fragmentation function has been measured in hadronic $Z^0$ decays. In addition the helicity density matrix elements for inclusive $K^*(892)^0$ mesons from hadronic $Z^0$ decays have been measured over the full range of $K^{*0}$ momentum using data taken with the OPAL experiment at LEP. Only the fragmentation function measurement is currently implemented.

Strange baryon production in $Z$ hadronic decays at OPAL (OPAL_1997_S3396100)

Spires | Z. Phys. C, 73, 569--586 (1997)

Measurement of the $\Xi^-$, $\Lambda^0$, $\Sigma^+(1385)$, $\Sigma^-(1385)$, $\Xi^0(1530)$ and $\Lambda^0(1520)$ scaled momentum distributions by OPAL at LEP 1. The paper also has the production cross-sections of these particles, but that is not implemented in Rivet.

$J/\psi$ and $\psi^\prime$ Production in Hadronic $Z^0$ Decays (OPAL_1996_S3257789)

Spires | Z.Phys. C70 (1996) 197-210

The production of $J/\psi$ and $\psi^\prime$ mesons measured by the OPAL experiment at LEP. The fragmentation function for $J/\psi$ and the multiplicities of $J/\psi$ and $\psi^\prime$ are included.

$\Delta^{++}$ Production in Hadronic $Z^0$ Decays (OPAL_1995_S3198391)

Spires | Phys.Lett.B358:162-172,1995

The production of $\Delta^{++}$ baryons measured using 3.5 millon $Z^0$ events by the OPAL experiment at LEP. Only the fragmentation function is implemented.

Measurement of the production rates of charged hadrons in $e^+e^-$ annihilation at the $Z^0$ (OPAL_1994_S2927284)

Spires | Z.Phys.C63:181-196,1994

The inclusive production rates of $\pi^\pm$, $K^\pm$ and $p\bar{p}$ in $Z^0$ decays measured using the OPAL detector at LEP. Only the differential cross sections are currently implemented.

Measurement of photon production at LEP 1 (OPAL_1993_S2692198)

Spires | Z.Phys.C58:405-418,1993 | doi:10.1007/BF01557697

Measurement of the production of photons in $e^+ e^-\to q \bar q$ events at LEP 1.

Production of $\pi^+$, $\pi^-$, $K^+$, $K^-$, $p$ and $\bar p$ in Light ($uds$), $c$ and $b$ Jets from Z Decays (SLD_2004_S5693039)

Spires | Phys.Rev.D69:072003,2004 | arXiv:hep-ex/0310017

Measurements of the differential production rates of stable charged particles in hadronic $Z^0$ decays, and of charged pions, kaons and protons identified over a wide momentum range. In addition to flavour-inclusive $Z^0$ decays, measurements are made for $Z^0$ decays into light ($u$, $d$, $s$), $c$ and $b$ primary flavors.

Measurement of the b-quark fragmentation function in $Z^0$ decays (SLD_2002_S4869273)

Spires | Phys. Rev.D65:092006,2002 | hep-ex/0202031

Measurement of the $b$-quark fragmentation function by SLC. The fragmentation function for weakly decaying $b$-quarks has been measured.

Production of $\pi^+$, $K^+$, $K^0$, $K^{*0}$, $\Phi$, $p$ and $\Lambda^0$ in hadronic $Z^0$ decay (SLD_1999_S3743934)

Spires | Phys.Rev.D59:052001,1999 | hep-ex/9805029

Measurement of scaled momentum distributions and fragmentation functions in flavour tagged events at SLC. SLD measured these observables in uds-, c-, and b-events separately. An inclusive measurement is also included.

Charged particle multiplicities in heavy and light quark initiated events on the $Z^0$ peak (SLD_1996_S3398250)

Spires | Phys.Lett.B386:475-485,1996 | hep-ex/9608008

Measurements of the mean charged multiplicities separately for $b\bar b$, $c\bar c$ and light quark ($uds$) initiated events in $e^+e^-$ interactions at the $Z^0$ mass.

Event shapes in $e^+ e^-$ annihilation at 14--44\;GeV (TASSO_1990_S2148048)

Spires | Z.Phys.C47:187-198,1990 | DESY-90-013

Event shapes Thrust, Sphericity, Aplanarity at four different energies

Jet rates in $e^+e^-$ at JADE [35--44 GeV] and OPAL [91--189 GeV]. (JADE_OPAL_2000_S4300807)

Spires | Eur.Phys.J.C17:19-51,2000 | arXiv:hep-ex/0001055

Differential and integrated jet rates for Durham and JADE jet algorithms. The integration cut value used for the integrated rate observables is not well-defined in the paper: the midpoint of the differential bin has been used thanks to information from Stefan Kluth and Christoph Pahl. We anyway recommend that the differential plots be preferred over the integrated ones for MC generator validation and tuning, to minimise correlations.

Hadron multiplicities in hadronic $e^+e^-$ events (PDG_HADRON_MULTIPLICITIES)

Spires | Phys. Lett. B, 667, 1 (2008)

Hadron multiplicities in hadronic $e^+e^-$ events, taken from Review of Particle Properties 2008, table 40.1, page 355. Average hadron multiplicities per hadronic $e^+e^-$ annihilation event at $\sqrt{s} \approx {}$ 10, 29--35, 91, and 130--200 GeV. The numbers are averages from various experiments. Correlations of the systematic uncertainties were considered for the calculation of the averages.

Ratios (w.r.t. $\pi^+/\pi^-$) of hadron multiplicities in hadronic $e^+e^-$ events (PDG_HADRON_MULTIPLICITIES_RATIOS)

Spires | Phys. Lett. B, 667, 1 (2008)

Ratios (w.r.t. $\pi^+/\pi^-$) of hadron multiplicities in hadronic $e^+ e^-$ events, taken from Review of Particle Properties 2008, table 40.1, page 355. Average hadron multiplicities per hadronic $e^+ e^-$ annihilation event at $\sqrt{s} \approx$ 10, 29--35, 91, and 130--200 GeV, normalised to the pion multiplicity. The numbers are averages from various experiments. Correlations of the systematic uncertainties were considered for the calculation of the averages.


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